About Qatar

Qatar is located on the west coast of the Arabian Gulf. Qatar economy is one of the fastest growing economies in the Middle East and the world. In addition to hosting many other regional and international sporting events, which will be crowned by hosting the FIFA World Cup 2022 for the first time in the Middle East and North Africa, a version that will be unpreceded in history. The system of government is constitutional hereditary monarchy.

History1

The History of Qatar

Ancient inscriptions and excavations show that Qatar has been inhabited since the 4th century BC. The Peninsula, including Qatar, witnessed a variety of cultures and civilizations throughout the history of humankind. Recent discoveries on one of the islands west of Qatar have shown that ancient human features existed before BC. Qatar Peninsula emerged as one of the wealthiest areas in the Gulf in terms of trade during the BC period, via which Iraq's merchandise was transported to India. Islam entered Qatar in the year 628 AD.

The modern history of Qatar began in the 18th century, when the Qatari tribes were organized under the leadership of Al Thani. The country took its course towards stability, as an independent state of its neighbors, and established balanced relations with various influential parties in the region.

The Rulers of Qatar

1851-1878

Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani

1878-1913

Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed bin Thani

1913-1949

Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani

1949-1960

Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani

1960-1972

Sheikh Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani

1972-1995

Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani

1995-2013

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani

2013

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani

General Information

The State of Qatar is an independent sovereign state. It gained its independence from Britain in 1971. Since that date, Qatar has emerged as one of the most important oil and gas producing countries at the global level. By virtue of its wise leadership policies, Qatar has been able to move forward to be among the developed countries.

location

Location

Qatar is located on the west coast of the Arabian Gulf. It has a total area of about 11850 square kilometers. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia on the southern side, and has borders with Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and Iran across the Arabian Gulf.

Language

Arabic is the main language of the State and English is widely used.

Population

According to the statistics of the Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics as at the end 2019, the total population was 2.72772294.

System of Government

Constitutional hereditary monarchy.

Capital

Capital

Doha

Main cities

Doha – Mesaieed – Alwakrah – Alkhor – Dukhan – AlRuwais – AlShamal - Ras Laffan

Religion

Islam

Qatar Economy

Qatar economy is one of the fastest growing economies in the Middle East and the world. This is attributable to the prudent approach adopted by His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, which is aimed at realizing Qatar National Vision 2030. This is focused on transforming Qatar into a developed country, capable of realizing sustainable development and ensuring constant decent life for its people, generation after generation. The State of Qatar has adopted ambitious strategies that have contributed to diversifying the economy and building a strong production base that helps attain a balanced economic growth.

The State of Qatar has been able to balance between its strategies and plans on achieving comprehensive development by establishing complementary policies that enhanced the contribution of non-oil sectors to gross domestic product, and seeking to diversify sources of income and increase economic competitiveness. Meanwhile, Qatar has invested heavily in the oil and gas sectors and has become the largest producer among countries producing liquefied natural gas. Qatar is currently exerting efforts to increase its liquefied natural gas production capacity from 77 million tons to 110 million tons per year.

Health

In recent years, the health sector in Qatar has witnessed a major revival and qualitative leaps at more than one level. Qatar is now ranked among the world's leading countries in terms of providing integrated health care that matches with the best health systems worldwide. Anyone visiting Qatar today can see the progress being made in health sector. Particularly in large medical institutions that have turned out to compete with their reputable international institutions counterparts in the areas of treatment and nursing services.

Education in Qatar

A good leadership always gives top priority to education and investment in human resources as the main source of development. Qatar’s experience in this area is unique both at the level of public and private education. Formal education was established in Qatar in 1952. The pace of educational development in the country has accelerated to include every population segment in the country for both genders and in all stages of education up to college education. The State has established many schools, universities, colleges and research/training centers that have contributed to the development of human resources skills, and attracted many international schools and universities. The State was also able to requalify young people, to enable them meet the needs of development in the country.

Qatar-Airways_Partner12

Tourism

Qatar's commitment to promoting tourism sector is one of the priorities of the National Development Strategy. Qatar's tourism sector is well equipped to meet the requirements of development. Qatar continues to generate investments aimed at strengthening the infrastructure of its tourism sector. Visitors will enjoy a range of high-end luxury hotels, fast-evolving aviation sector, superb sports and leisure facilities and state-of-the-art conference and exhibition facilities. Qatar is also seen as one of the safest tourist destinations in the world.

sport

Sports

Qatar pays special attention to sport at the national, regional and international levels. It invests heavily in the sport sector, where sport plays an important role in the lives of citizens and residents of the country. Qatar firmly believes in the importance of the role played by sport in promoting intercultural dialogue, peace and development. As part of consolidating its National Vision 2030 and implementing the State’s vision aimed at realizing active and healthy society that builds the individual's capabilities and reinforces it interaction with the social environment, Qatar was the first to adopt a national sports day, which is celebrated annually on the second Tuesday of February each year.

Qatar has also successfully hosted major sport events such as the 2006 Asian Games and the Asian Cup in 2011. In addition to hosting many other regional and international sporting events, which will be crowned by hosting the FIFA World Cup 2022 for the first time in the Middle East and North Africa, a version that will be unpreceded in history.